Baguio Islands Philippines
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Baguio Area Profile: Baguio City, Islands Philippines

Prior to Baguio's early development, it was a place of pasture and grazing land first inhabited by mountain tribes Igorotes called Ibalois and Kankanais.

Although, little can be said of prehispanic Baguio, it must be noted that the Igorotes had developed their own set of customs and beliefs, and a common, systematic trade system called barter before the westerners arrived.

Because of Benguet potentials for gold source, the Spanish government through Commandante Galvey established the Commandancias Politico Militar to rule the natives. Benguet was then divided into 31 rancherias. Baguio was then one of the rancherias composed of 21 scattered houses.

Don Q..M. Quirante was assigned by Galvey to explore Benguet's gold mines. As a result, mining activities started in Antamok, Itogon and Suyoc areas. The introduction of Christianity and new techniques in coffee and cattle raising is credited to the Spaniards.

Before the close of 1800's, Antonio Bejar (Juan Carino) was made the first Governor of Benguet. However, his reign did not last long when in the early 1900's, the Americans came.

Shortly after the defeat of the Spanish Navy in the battle of Manila Bay, Captain Rudd came to Baguio to set up the first civil government ever established in the Philippines under the governorship of H.P. Whitmarsh. From a military, a township form of government was adopted in November 1900 by virtue of Act No. 48 and Act No. 1397. In escaping the lowland heat, the Americans found Baguio a perfect place to rest and recuperate with a climate similar with that of the United States.

In 1904, President Theodore Roosevelt appointed Cameron Forbes to develop Baguio. Architect Daniel H. Burnham made a plan for an expected population of 25,000 people. This followed the Philippine Commission's declaration to make the town of Baguio in the Province of Benguet, as the "summer capital of the archipelago". Gov. Forbes also encouraged the development of Baguio as an Administrative Center. Reservations were given to various national government offices. This was followed by the building of the Kennon and Naguilian Roads. In 1906, William Haube build Session Road, so named because members of the Commission passed through it on their way to the session hall.

On September 1, 1909, the Charter of City of Baguio authored by Gov. George A. Malcolm was promulgated pursuant to Act. No. 1963. Mining went on high gear production. American prospectors came and worked in the mines until full operations were reached. As Baguio was fast gaining grounds as a commercial center, the public market was opened. Various commercial enterprises were established along Session Road, Harrison Road and Trinidad Road (now Magsaysay Road.

From 1909 to 1957, the mayors of the city were all appointed. Americans were appointed mayors from 1909 to 1937, subsequently, a Filipino Engineer took over the reigns of government. Baguio had its first local elections in 1957. the mayor-council government set-up became elective since then.

Featured Baguio Hotels - Recommended Baguio Accommodations

Travel Quotes:

Like all great travellers, I have seen more than I remember, and remember more than I have seen. Benjamin Disraeli

I have wandered all my life, and I have also traveled; the difference between the two being this, that we wander for distraction, but we travel for fulfillment. Hilaire Belloc

Fiesta Foods Philippines Cuisine

For festive occasions, people band together and prepare more sophisticated dishes. Tables are often laden with expensive and labor-intensive treats requiring hours of preparation. In Filipino celebrations, lechón (also spelled litson) serves as the centerpiece of the dinner table. It is usually a whole roasted pig, but suckling pigs (lechonillo, or lechon de leche) or cattle calves (lechong baka) can also be prepared in place of the popular adult pig.

More details at Fiesta Foods Philippines Cuisine

About Philippines

The Philippines, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (Filipino: Repúblika ng Pilipinas), is a sovereign island country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam. The Sulu Sea to the southwest lies between the country and the island of Borneo, and to the south the Celebes Sea separates it from other islands of Indonesia. It is bounded on the east by the Philippine Sea.

 

Luzon Philippines Area
Baguio Philippines, Banaue Philippines, Bataan Philippines, Batangas Philippines, Cavite Philippines, La Union Philippines, Laguna Philippines, Laoag Philippines, Makati Philippines, Manila Philippines, Mindoro Philippines, Ortigas Philippines, Pagudpod Hotels (Ilocos), Palawan Philippines, Pampanga Philippines, Pangasinan Philippines, Puerto Galera Philippines, Quezon City Philippines, Subic Philippines, Tagaytay Philippines, Tarlac Philippines

Visayas Philippines Area
Bacolod Philippines, Bohol Philippines, Boracay Philippines, Cebu Philippines, Guimaras Philippines, Iloilo Philippines, Leyte Philippines, Negros Philippines

Mindanao Philippines Area
Cagayan de Oro Philippines, Davao Philippines, Zamboanga Philippines


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