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Philippine Boxing and Martial Arts
* Pekiti Tirsia Kali
Pekiti-Tirsia Kali is a system of Kali, a style specific to the Filipino Martial Arts which contains hundreds of systems and varied styles. Pekiti-Tirsia Kali was founded in 1897 and is the family system of the Tortal family. The sole heir and guardian of this system is Leo T. Gaje, Jr. who is referred to as the Grand Tuhon.
Pekiti-Tirsia is the only Kali system recognized by the Philippine government used to train Force-Recon Marine Battalions of the Armed Forces of the Philippines and the Special Action Force (SAF) contingent of the Philippine National Police.
This martial art fighting style is currently experiencing a rise in popularity because a loose version of the fighting style used by Matt Damon in the Jason Bourne series of films - (film)|The Bourne Identity and (film) The Bourne Supremacy.
Eskrima or Escrima refers to a class of Filipino martial arts that emphasize stick and sword fighting. Other terms which have entered into common usage include Kali and Arnis de Mano (harness of the hand); occasionally the abbreviation FMA (Filipino Martial Arts) is used. Eskrima and Arnis are among the many names primarily used in the Philippines today to refer to these arts. The name Kali, although primarily used in the United States and Europe, is seldom used in the Philippines and in most cases is an unknown word.
But due to the popularity of the term outside of the Philippines and the influence of foreign practitioners, the term Kali is increasingly being recognized and accepted in the Philippines. "Kalis", as used in the Philippines, refers to a sword. It is commonly mistaken as synonymous to or a derivative form of kali (note: postfixing of "s" is not used in Filipino languages or dialects to indicate plurality). However, for all intents and purposes, Eskrima, Arnis, Arnis de Mano, Kali and FMA all refer to the same family of Filipino weapons-based martial arts.
* Mano Mano
Mano Mano is the empty-hand component of the Filipino martial arts, Arnis De Mano/Eskrima.
The word mano is the Spanish word for hand and refers to the empty (unarmed) techniques used in the Filipino martial arts, the movements of which are directly translated from the movements of the single and double weapons fighting skills of the art.
Mano Mano is the the Filipino art of empty hand self-defense, and is a combination of different Filipino martial art styles. Mano Mano is a very well rounded, which covers the different ranges of combat, including kicking, punching, locking, throwing and grappling Dumog skills. Students of the Filipino martial arts are required to be well versed in Mano Mano at the higher levels and are expected to be able to easily translate their weapons skills directly into empty hand techniques.